Simply put, cannabis oil is the concentrated liquid extract of the marijuana plant, Cannabis sativa. Similar to other herbal extracts, the chemicals in cannabis oils vary depending on how the extract is made and what chemicals were in the plant to begin with.
Cannabis plants produce thousands of compounds but the most well recognized belong to a class called cannabinoids. There are several cannabinoids but the two that are most well-known among consumers are THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol).
THC is the primary psychoactive compound in marijuana and it is what people are searching for when they want a product that gives them a "high." Unlike THC, CBD isn't known to cause psychoactive effects, and is therefore attractive to those who want to avoid the high but who believe there are other benefits of CBD.
CBD products that don't contain THC are legal to sell and consume as long as they don't have THC. That's likely one of the reasons why CBD products, including CBD oil, are becoming more socially acceptable and increasingly popular.
Etrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) are two types of cannabinoids found naturally in the resin of the cannabis plant (Cannabis Sativa).
Both of these substances interact with the cannabinoid receptors found in the human body, and the types of effects brought about by these compounds are different and can offer numerous benefits.
The cannabis plant contains over 500 natural compounds. According to research Cannabinoids make up at least 85 of those compounds, and while some cannabinoids are psychoactive, others are not. Out of the 85 cannabinoids, two stand out: tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD).
The human body also produces its own cannabinoid chemicals – similar to those found in cannabis — via the endocannabinoid system.
Cannabis is derived from the cannabis plant (Cannabis Sativa). It grows wild in many of the tropical and temperate areas of the world, and can be grown in almost any climate. The term medical cannabis refers to using the whole, unprocessed cannabis plant or its basic extracts which can be used to treat symptoms of illness and other conditions.
The main active ingredient in cannabis is called delta-9 tetrahydro-cannabinol, commonly known as THC. This is the part of the plant that can have an “uplifting” effect on the body. There is a wide range of THC potency between cannabis products, with varying effects and benefits on the body.
The endocannabinoid system also acts in response to illness. For example, tumor cells have been shown to express more cannabinoid receptors than healthy cells. Studies also show a rise in endocannabinoid levels in patients with various disorders, such as Parkinson’s disease, anxiety, chronic pain and arthritis.
As a result, some scientists believe the overall function of the endocannabinoid system is to regulate homeostasis. Homeostasis is a key element in the biology of all living things. It is best described as the ability to maintain stable internal conditions that are necessary for survival. Disease is largely a result of a failure in achieving homeostasis.